ISLAMABAD, 20 Sep — Pakistan has reached another milestone in its environmentally friendly ambitions to protect the entire region and world from climate change and ecological degradation by humans by reducing the import of ozone depleting hazardous chemicals to 50 percent.
These remarks were made by the Special Assistant to the Prime Minister (SAPM) on Malik Amin Aslam on climate change in an exclusive interaction with APP.
He said Pakistan exceeded its promise target under Montreal Protocol to contain 35 percent HCFC imports, causing the ozone layer to deplete, and controlling 50 percent of total hazardous material imports.
In his message on World Ozone Day, he said: “Today marks the 35th anniversary of the formation of the Montreal Protocol signed by Pakistan in 1992. World Sunday 2020 is celebrated worldwide today, including Pakistan. The day reminds us that the ozone layer is the only thing that prevents the earth from being fried.
Let’s work together to protect [Ozone Layer] it and protect ourselves. Happy World Ozone Day. Amin said that the main purpose of this protocol was to affect the world due to the depletion of the ozone layer that protects harmful ultraviolet rays from reaching the earth.
“Due to the ozone depletion, life itself has been affected by harmful ultraviolet rays,” he added. Amin notes that it was one of the success stories, as Montreal Protocol became an international success implemented with a clear target, plan and funding available for conversion.
In Pakistan, he said, we have done two things, one is that we are converting all the technologies using ozone-depleting substances, and that the second is that the supply of HCFCs also contains hydrogen chlorofluorocarbon which depletes the ozone layer.
The SAPM reported that in 1992 Pakistan undertook to control imports of HCFCs by 35 per cent, where it achieved 50 per cent and maintained effective performance in accordance with the Protocol.
According to him, Pakistan remained committed to all internationally committed agreements and was a responsible partner of all international protocols, especially the Montreal Protocol in which he surpassed his achievements.
The Ministry of Climate Change has also set up a National Ozone Unit (NOW) which organized the World Ozone Day seminar to highlight celebrations, the art competition on the World Ozone Day theme, a poster about the World print ozone day theme and distribute to general masses and use to publish the World Ozone Day Supplement in Daily Newspaper on 16 September.
It also designed awareness for distribution among the general masses, planned the radio program on the eve of Ozon Day and shared videos developed by UNEP on social media.
Pakistan signed the Montreal Protocol (MP) in 1992. MP has universal ratification and is recognized as the most successful protocol. Pakistan has fulfilled its full obligation as prescribed under MP. The ozone layer, which damages CFCs, halons and methyl bromide, has since been phased and banned since 31 December 2009.
Pakistan launched its HCFCs Phase-Out Management Plan (HPMP) in March 2011 which was under implementation. On January 1, 2015, Pakistan achieved ten percent reduction targets for HCFCs. Pakistan achieves 50 percent reduction targets for HCFCs by January 1, 2020.
The reporting to the ozone secretariat was always timely. “Pakistan has never exceeded the allowable import limit of HCFCs, as strict adherence to imports is ensured by FBR’s WeBOC system.”
The main activities of the national ozone unit included regulating the import of ozone-depleting substances (currently HCFCs), raising stakeholder awareness, training to service technicians, training customs officers to control illegal imports.
The NOW has processed and approved approved conversion projects through which industries have provided machinery through multilateral funding that is environmentally friendly and energy efficient.
The message from the NOW in connection with World Ozone Day states: ‘Pakistan is living in changing situations in the refrigeration and air conditioning (RAC) sector. Efforts are being made to promote new technologies in the RAC sector.
Energy efficiency, safety and training of service technicians remain priority areas, including ratification of Kigali amendments and demolition of HFCs.
It remains a high priority area as it has a strong effect on GHG emissions, thus a strong link with nationally established commitments (NDCs). ”